MONDAY 19 MARCH, 2012 |
Australia's Low-Carbon Competitiveness Shame
Facing the prospect of climate change, dwindling and massively expensive natural
resources; parts of Europe, North America and the UK are moving forward with progressive schemes
that support new and renewable energy technologies vital to future generations.
Australia however, and despite passage of a price on carbon last year, has the
unpleasant distinction of being the only G20 nation since 1995 to have gone backwards in
global low-carbon competitiveness rankings.
The Global Climate Leadership Review
, released today by The Climate Institute, is an index that evaluates a country’s ability to prosper in a world where low-carbon technologies such as
, wind energy
and energy efficient infrastructure are replacing fossil fuels and outdated building practices.
Key indicators are examined under three main categories in the Review: composition of the energy sector (transport, trade emissions intensity); early preparedness (investment in renewable energy, projected growth in emissions); and future prosperity (investment in education and infrastructure).
Australia ranked 16th in the G20 and was the only advanced economy to receive a score lower than it did in
1995; below that of Russia, Argentina, South Africa, the USA and Saudi Arabia. This is due to the emissions intensive structure of the economy, namely heavy reliance on coal-fired power. Australia is also the only developed country whose rankings have not improved since the first Index in 2009.
John Connor, CEO of the Climate Institute, said although 2011’s passage of the Clean Energy Future legislation could help reverse Australia’s
"remarkable decline in carbon competitiveness," it would take strategic clean energy policies, regional carbon markets and more climate diplomacy to get the country back on track.
"Despite political and economic uncertainty, global carbon markets and clean energy investments grew in 2011, boosting the importance of looking at the carbon competitiveness of nations. And with CSIRO reporting greenhouse gases are at their highest for 800,000 years, how nations cooperate on addressing climate change really
France, Japan, the United Kingdom, South Korea and Germany hold the lead in the Review.
Germany may even power ahead of other countries in the rankings soon. According to a report from Bloomberg News, Germany’s
Chancellor Merkel has announced
the nation will spend €200 billion ($270 billion) per year on solar, wind and other forms of renewable power, making it Germany’s biggest economic restructure since WWII.
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